AUTO RESTRICTED ZONE/MULTI-USER VEHICLE SYSTEM STUDY. VOLUME I. AUTO RESTRICTED ZONES: BACKGROUND AND FEASIBILITY
The general goals of such zones are to preserve and enhance the attractiveness and vitality of urban centers, to improve environmental quality of urban areas, and to encourage increased utilization of non-auto modes of transport. The underlying characteristic of an auto restricted zone (ARZ) as discussed in this study is that of a district or zone distinguished by a higher degree of control over vehicular traffic than the surrounding area. The report discusses techniques for ARZ which have been identified and categorized as physical, operational, economic, and regulatory control measures. The investigation of existing experience with ARZ focuses on U.S. cities and on European cities where the concept is most advanced, such as in Copenhagen, Amsterdam and Vienna, and discusses its similarities and differences. The investigation indicated that there are substantial opportunities for ARZ in American cities. A number of key factors are identified for its successful implementation, such as urban activity patterns, urban design issues, transportation infrastructure, accessibility maintenance, ARZ size, transportation policy impacts, and institutional and legal factors. The report contains Appendix A: 'Bibliography' and Appendix B: 'Characteristics of Pedestrian Areas in European Cities'.
- Prepared in cooperation with Cambridge Systematics, Inc., MA., and Moore-Heder Architects, Cambridge, MA. See also Volume 2, PB-286314. Also available in set of 9 reports PC E20, PB-286 312-SET.
Voorhees (Alan M) and Associates, IncorporatedCambridge, MA United States
Cambridge Systematics, Incorporated100 Cambridge Park Drive, Suite 400
Cambridge, MA United States 02140
Moore-Header Architects806 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA United States 02118
Urban Mass Transportation Administration400 7th Street, SW
Washington, DC United States 20590
- Herald, W S
- Publication Date: 1977-12
- Pagination: 130 p.
- TRT Terms: Automobiles; Beautification; Binders; Central business districts; City planning; Control; Economic factors; Feasibility analysis; Highway traffic; Highway transportation; Infrastructure; Legal factors; Mobility; Pedestrian areas; Pedestrians; Quality of life; Transportation policy; Urban areas; Urban transportation; Vehicles; Zoning
- Geographic Terms: Austria; Denmark; Europe; Netherlands; United States
- Old TRIS Terms: Central city; Economic considerations; Vehicular traffic
- Subject Areas: Economics; Highways; Law; Pedestrians and Bicyclists; Planning and Forecasting; Policy; Public Transportation; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00186086
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: UMTA-VA-06-0042-78-1Final Rpt.
- Contract Numbers: DOT-TSC-1057
- Files: NTIS, TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Dec 29 1981 12:00AM