The general goals of such zones are to preserve and enhance the attractiveness and vitality of urban centers, to improve environmental quality of urban areas, and to encourage increased utilization of non-auto modes of transport. The underlying characteristic of an auto restricted zone (ARZ) as discussed in this study is that of a district or zone distinguished by a higher degree of control over vehicular traffic than the surrounding area. The report discusses techniques for ARZ which have been identified and categorized as physical, operational, economic, and regulatory control measures. The investigation of existing experience with ARZ focuses on U.S. cities and on European cities where the concept is most advanced, such as in Copenhagen, Amsterdam and Vienna, and discusses its similarities and differences. The investigation indicated that there are substantial opportunities for ARZ in American cities. A number of key factors are identified for its successful implementation, such as urban activity patterns, urban design issues, transportation infrastructure, accessibility maintenance, ARZ size, transportation policy impacts, and institutional and legal factors. The report contains Appendix A: 'Bibliography' and Appendix B: 'Characteristics of Pedestrian Areas in European Cities'.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Prepared in cooperation with Cambridge Systematics, Inc., MA., and Moore-Heder Architects, Cambridge, MA. See also Volume 2, PB-286314. Also available in set of 9 reports PC E20, PB-286 312-SET.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Voorhees (Alan M) and Associates, Incorporated

    Cambridge, MA  United States 

    Cambridge Systematics, Incorporated

    100 Cambridge Park Drive, Suite 400
    Cambridge, MA  United States  02140

    Moore-Header Architects

    806 Massachusetts Avenue
    Cambridge, MA  United States  02118

    Urban Mass Transportation Administration

    400 7th Street, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Herald, W S
  • Publication Date: 1977-12

Media Info

  • Pagination: 130 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00186086
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: UMTA-VA-06-0042-78-1Final Rpt.
  • Contract Numbers: DOT-TSC-1057
  • Files: NTIS, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Dec 29 1981 12:00AM