WASHINGTON STATE SEAT BELT STUDY 1970-1977. SUMMARY OF STATISTICS ON THE CHILDREN AGE 0-15 YEARS WHO WERE PASSENGERS IN MOTOR VEHICLES INVOLVED IN ACCIDENTS

During the period from January 1, 1970 through December 31, 1977, the Washington State Patrol recorded 94,405 children from birth to age 15 years who were passengers in motor vehicles involved in reportable accidents (property damage over $100.00 and/or an injury producing accident). Of this group 81,462 (86.2 percent) were not restrained at the time of the accident, and 12,943 were restrained by seat belts or some other restraining device (13.7 percent). In this study, there was no attempt to compare or evaluate the effectiveness of specific restraints; i.e., seat belts, seat belts and shoulder straps, infant carriers, child safety harnesses and child safety belts. The children were divided into two age groups: (1) 0-5 years and (2) 6-15 years. Of the 31,602 children from 0-5 years in motor vehicle accidents, 26,550 were not restrained and 5,052 were (16 percent). One hundred twenty-two of the unrestrained preschool children were killed (ratio 1:216) and 678 had disabling injuries (ratio 1:133). The difference between deaths and disabling injuries between the restrained and unrestrained pre-school children was highly significant. If all of the children in the 0-5 age group had been restrained at the time of the accident, then the reduction in deaths may have been reduced from 124 to 13 (down 90 percent) and disabling injuries reduced from 716 to 238. This eight year study offers well-documented proof that seat belts and other restraining devices for children reduce injury and save lives. /Author/

  • Corporate Authors:

    Mary Bridge Children's Health Center

    311 L Street, South
    Tacoma, WA  USA  98405
  • Authors:
    • Scherz, R G
  • Publication Date: 1978

Media Info

  • Features: Tables;
  • Pagination: 17 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00184886
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Safety Council Safety Research Info Serv
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 3 1979 12:00AM