The commission presents a report on marginal costs of social economics concerning road maintenance, traffic surveillance, congestion, accident costs and environmental costs. The commission points out that for the efficiency of social economics, fares adjusted to the costs of social economics for each mode of transport are essential. The commission looks upon motor traffic as a central element in the Swedish social pattern, but suggests that private transport should be restricted in urban areas. However, in rural areas with few transport alternatives private transport should be supported. The taxes for bus transport are considered too low. The reason why the commission proposes increased bus taxes depends on the inter-regional bus transport, which is a competitor to rail transport. It is proposed to subsidize bus transport by means other than tax relief. In order to control urban traffic the commission has discussed special fares. However, the commission leaves it to the local authorities to suggest and design fare systems. The economy of the Swedish state railways is also discussed. Finally, the commission rejects a formal joint responsibility, considering transport modes, for the costs within the field of overland transport. /TRRL/

  • Corporate Authors:


    Stockholm,   Sweden 
  • Publication Date: 1978


  • Swedish

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; Tables;
  • Pagination: 191 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00184663
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Report/Paper Numbers: N SOU 1978:31 Monograph
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 29 1978 12:00AM