Fusion of human sensibility and rock mechanics in the design of underground space

Underground spaces are presently being used for recreation, shopping, restaurants, sports, art, and amusement, all of which enrich our lives, as well as for tunnels, powerhouses, and mining resources in the field of rock mechanics. People generally have negative impressions of the underground, i.e., darkness, isolation, fear, etc., although there are numerous practical benefits to utilizing the underground for a variety of purposes. When people actually stand in underground spaces, however, they often have a sense of wonder, adventure, beauty, sublimity, and other potentially positive impressions. If such positive impressions can be used to overcome the negative ones, underground spaces will become more attractive and more comfortable. This paper discusses a new approach which combines human sensibility with rock mechanics for the design shapes of underground spaces. It is composed of three steps, namely: (1) assessing the preferable shape for an underground space from the viewpoint of human sensibility (using the results of a questionnaire), (2) assessing the stability of the underground space from a mechanics standpoint, and (3) coupling the results of human sensibility and mechanics, and evaluating the possible shapes for the underground space. Figs. 1 and 2 are images used in the questionnaire and the results of the evaluation which couples human sensibility and a knowledge of rock mechanics. In order to make further progress, the relationship between human sensibility and mechanical sensitivity for the shapes of underground spaces also is investigated. (A). "Reprinted with permission from Elsevier". For the covering abstract see ITRD E124500.

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  • Authors:
    • SHIMIZU, N
    • SAKURAI, S
  • Publication Date: 2004-7


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01011549
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Dec 19 2005 3:16PM