Optimum road pricing based on environmental capacity

Environmental transport pricing may be more politically acceptable than road pricing to achieve sustainable transport, where revenues can be earmarked to improve public transport, cycling and walking facilities. To support this argument a model called Optimum Road Pricing based on Environmental Capacity (ORPEC) is developed to extend area-wide environmental capacity (AWEC) models. The maximum permissible amount of vehicle kilometres travelled (VKT) in a defined study area is calculated so as not to exceed ambient air quality. The ORPEC model integrates four step traffic demand models with environmental capacity indexes (AWEC), which itself is a factor of meteorological parameters. Four tolling schemes are modelled to determine optimum tolls: distance based; zone based; cordon based; and time-based. Under each scheme the optimum tolls are calculated based on AWEC and marginal costs. The case study shows that using the ORPEC model, AWEC based charges are only applicable under poor meteorological conditions. (a) Thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in the School of Civil and Environmental Engineering.

  • Corporate Authors:

    University of New South Wales

    School of Civil and Environmental Engineering
    Sydney, New South Wales  Australia  2052
  • Authors:
    • GOLZAR, R
  • Publication Date: 2003

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: 264P

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01011290
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: ARRB
  • Files: ITRD, ATRI
  • Created Date: Dec 19 2005 2:59PM