Study of the Causes of Pedestrian Accidents by Severity

This article reports on a study that used 3 methods to analyze 55 reports of actual pedestrian accidents randomly selected from police records in the Ivory Coast, Africa. Each method revealed a particular aspect of pedestrian accident causation according to accident severity. Analyses showed that fatal pedestrian accidents most often occurred when vehicles were speeding or on roads outside the city. A causality-tree analysis showed that the circumstances in which fatal pedestrian accidents occur are somewhat different from those of accidents involving injury only. However, in many cases, the pedestrian was running to cross the road or was hidden by an obstacle, so the driver was startled and reacted too late. Pedestrians and drivers explain accidents in a defensive way by stressing factors that tend to incriminate the other party. The authors conclude that one can gain considerable insight into the causality of accidents through the joint use of several methods for analyzing the same material. Accident prevention campaigns, more particularly in developing countries where walking is a rather common means of locomotion in urban areas, must stress the necessity for pedestrians to not run to cross roads and streets.

  • Availability:
  • Authors:
    • Kouabenan, Dongo Remi
    • Guyot, Jean-Marc
  • Publication Date: 2004


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 119-126
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01014329
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 12 2005 6:11AM