The Impact of Ontario's Extended Drinking Hours on Cross-Border Cities of Windsor and Detroit

The present study aims to evaluate the cross-border safety effect of the extended drinking hours from 1:00 to 2:00 a.m., in licensed establishments in the cross-border regions of Windsor, Ontario (Canada) and Detroit, Michigan (US). Specifically, it examined patterns in total and alcohol-related casualties in these cities. The criterion outcome indicators were: (1) monthly motor vehicle casualties (major injuries and fatalities) for the city-regions of Windsor and Detroit and (2) Ontario and Michigan monthly motor vehicle fatalities occurring between 11:00 p.m. and 3:00 a.m. for 4 years pre- and 3 years post-policy change. To be able to examine cross-border drinking consequences, data were disaggregated to assess trends of motor vehicle injury collisions involving vehicles with US license plates and with US drivers aged 16-20 in the Windsor region. Conversely, trends were assessed for motor vehicle injury collisions involving vehicles with Ontario license plates in the Detroit region. The Windsor region total motor vehicle casualty data showed a non-significant pre-post increase, while the Detroit region showed a statistically significant decrease for total motor vehicle casualties. The study found that in the Windsor region, there was a significant increase of alcohol-related motor vehicle casualties after the drinking hours were extended. However, the Detroit region showed a statistically significant decrease in alcohol-related motor vehicle casualties concomitant with Ontario's drinking hour extension. The study found no similar trends for the whole province of Ontario and the whole state of Michigan. A significant decrease was observed for injury collisions involving vehicles with Ontario license plates in the Detroit region. No similar pattern was observed for injury collisions involving vehicles with US license plates and with 16-20-year-old US drivers in the Windsor region. These data seem to support a cross-border impact of the Ontario extended drinking policy. The Ontario government’s extended drinking hour policy may have achieved their objectives in reducing the amount of patrons who cross the border when Ontario’s drinking and eating establishments close.

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01013422
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 11 2005 4:04PM