Perceived Susceptibility to and Perceived Causes of Road Traffic Injuries in an Urban and Rural Area of Tanzania

The objectives of the present study were to examine the social and behavioral correlates of perceived vulnerability to traffic injuries in urban and rural areas in Tanzania. In 2002, household interviews of 494 adults, aged at least 15 years, were conducted in Dar es Salaam (urban) and Hai District (rural). In Dar es Salaam, 75 and 82% of males and females, respectively, thought that they would likely be involved in a traffic injury. The corresponding figures in Hai were 63 and 64%. Both men and women rated their road traffic vulnerability similarly. Factors associated with high perceived vulnerability as a pedestrian or being injured by a bicycle were: (1) amount of road safety information received from health workers and friends, (2) having caused a car to swerve, and (3) having crossed a road while talking. Driver recklessness and driver drunkenness were perceived by respondents as being the leading causes of traffic injuries in both rural and urban settings; however, differences were observed between these two settings with respect to perceived risk for traffic injury. This study suggests that the risk perceptions related to Tanzanian traffic accidents are pessimistically skewed and less accurate. Various implications of these findings in the context of traffic injury prevention are discussed.


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  • Accession Number: 01013442
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 11 2005 1:10PM