Snow Entrainment Coefficient Estimated by Field Observations and Wind Tunnel Experiments

The boundary condition for concentration of snow particles at the bed is necessary to calculate snowdrifts by a numerical analysis model. The flux type or the gradient type boundary conditions are reasonable. An idea of an entrainment coefficient of snow particle at the snow surface is useful. The values of the coefficient are considered to be a function of the density and viscosity of the working fluid and the properties of snow particles. In this paper, the values of the coefficient are estimated based on the k-epsilon turbulence model and the distribution of snow particle flux observed at the Mizuho Station, Antarctica in 2000, assuming the steady, fully developed flow over a flat snow surface. The snow entrainment coefficient is two or three orders smaller than the sand entrainment coefficient in a river. The reason is that the specific weight of snow particles in air is much larger than that of sand particles in water.

  • Availability:
  • Authors:
    • Kikuchi, Takuro
    • Fukushima, Yusuke
    • Nishimura, Kouichi
  • Publication Date: 2005-12


  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01014729
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 3 2005 7:18PM