Alcohol and Drugs in Drivers Fatally Injured in Traffic Accidents in Sweden During the Years 2000-2002

This article reports on a study that analyzed alcohol, pharmaceuticals, and illicit drugs in blood samples from fatally injured drivers in Sweden during the years 2000-2002. The total number of fatally injured drivers was 920 and the toxicological investigation was performed in 855 drivers (93%). Approximately 85% of the drivers were men. All but three women (96%) were car drivers; for men, 78% were car drivers and 13% were motorcyclists. The number of cases positive for the tested substances increased from 38.9% in 2000 to 45.9% in 2002. Alcohol was the most common drug, with frequencies increasing annually from 19.8% to 25.0% to 21.8% (2000, 2001, 2002, respectively). There was a decrease in cases where alcohol was the only drug detected, from 52 out of 58 cases (90%) in 2000, to 41 out of 61 cases (67%) in 2002. The cases with multiple drug intake increased from 10% to 26% over the course of the study. The prevalence of pharmaceuticals as the only drug or drugs detected decreased from 14.0% to 10.4% and in the majority of these cases, the drug concentrations were within the therapeutic range. The authors conclude by calling for complete toxicological screenings done for both pharmaceutical and illicit drugs, not only alcohol, for all automobile driver fatalities.

  • Availability:
  • Authors:
    • Holmgren, Per
    • Holmgren, Anita
    • Ahlner, Johan
  • Publication Date: 2005-6-30

Language

  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01010603
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 26 2005 7:00AM