Determination of Events Leading to Sport Utility Vehicle Rollover

To determine the major event pathways that result in sport utility vehicle (SUV) rollover, researchers at the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute examined SUV rollover cases selected from the National Automotive Sampling System crashworthiness data system files for 1999 to 2001. Selected SUVs included the Ford Explorer, Jeep Cherokee, Chevrolet Blazer, Toyota 4-Runner, and GMC Jimmy for model years 1989 to 2001. Researchers coded up to six pre-rollover events, along with the stability of the vehicle (tracking or skidding) after each event. In addition, crash avoidance and recovery maneuvers were recorded, along with the rollover initiation type, location of rollover initiation, direction of roll, number of quarter turns of roll, location of roll, and surface condition at rollover initiation. Approximately 34% of SUV rollovers began with a loss of control caused by tire saturation, and about 75% of the loss-of-control cases were on icy, wet, or snowy roads. Of the SUVs that ran off the road as the first event, 47% returned to the road before rolling over, and of these, 76% were tracking (presumed under control) before initial road departure. Between 40% and 49% of SUV rollover crashes experienced yaw instability while still on the roadway before roll. These rollovers may be addressed by electronic stability control devices if such devices can increase the control limits of the vehicle.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 180-186
  • Monograph Title: Statistical Methods; Highway Safety Data, Analysis, and Evaluation; Occupant Protection; Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01006628
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309093805
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Oct 24 2005 3:17PM