This article gives an overview of Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems, including their operations and the reasons for their growing popularity worldwide. It discusses the primary features that distinguish BRT from other types of transit operations. These include: 1) dedicated running ways, 2) accessible and secure stations, 3) customized vehicles, 4) efficient fare collection, 5) intelligent transportation systems (ITS) applications, and 6) frequent service. A number of components can be used to measure the effectiveness and performance of BRT systems. These include the number of passengers carried, growth in ridership, impact on travel speeds, and land development effects. The article briefly looks at lessons that have been learned from ongoing BRT projects, such as the need for community support and agency cooperation, the value of incremental development of BRT, the importance of working in a demonstrated transit market, and coordination of vehicle, station, and fare collection design. The article concludes with a look at the future prospects for BRT. It notes that technological advances such as hybrid and fuel cell propulsion systems for buses, and smart cards for fare collection, should help to make BRT even more attractive and cost-effective.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    American Planning Association

    Transportation Planning Division, 122 S Michigan Avenue, Suite 1600
    Chicago,   United States  60603-6107
  • Authors:
    • Levinson, H S
    • Zimmerman, S
  • Publication Date: 2004-3


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; Photos; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 1-8
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01005538
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: UC Berkeley Transportation Library
  • Files: BTRIS, TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 19 2005 1:59PM