Transverse Thermal Expansion of FRP Bars Embedded in Concrete

Fiber reinforced polymers (FRPs) have a thermal expansion in the transverse direction much higher than in the longitudinal direction and also higher than the thermal expansion of hardened concrete. The difference between the transverse coefficient of thermal expansion of FRP bars and concrete may cause splitting cracks within the concrete under temperature increase and, ultimately, failure of the concrete cover if the confining action of concrete is insufficient. This paper presents the results of an experimental investigation to analyze the effect of the ratio of concrete cover thickness to FRP bar diameter (c/d sub b) on the strain distributions in concrete and FRP bars, using concrete cylindrical specimens reinforced with a glass FRP bar and subjected to thermal loading from -30 to +8°C. The experimental results show that the transverse coefficient of thermal expansion of the glass FRP bars tested in this study is found to be equal to 33 (x10 to the -6 power mm/mm/°C), on average and the ratio between the transverse and longitudinal coefficients of thermal expansion of these FRP bars is equal to 4. Also, the cracks induced by high temperature start to develop on the surface of concrete cylinders at a temperature varying between +50 and +60°C for specimens having a ratio of concrete cover thickness to bar diameter c/d sub b less than or equal to 1.5. A ratio of concrete cover thickness to glass fiber reinforced polymers (GFRP) bar diameter c/d sub b greater than or equal to 2.0 is sufficient to avoid cracking of concrete under high temperature up to +80°C. The analytical model, presented in this paper, is in good agreement with the experimental results, particularly for negative temperature variations.

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  • Authors:
    • Masmoudi, Radhouane
    • Zaidi, Ali
    • Gerard, Patrick
  • Publication Date: 2005-9


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01005353
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 12 2005 10:52AM