Refinement of the Hot-Mix Asphalt Ignition Method for High-Loss Aggregates

Four methodologies for determining the asphalt content of mixtures containing high-loss aggregates in the ignition furnace were evaluated: the standard method using the Thermolyne furnace (control), the Troxler NTO infrared furnace, the Ontario method, and a Tempyrox glass-cleaning oven. Six aggregate sources with high ignition furnace aggregate corrections were obtained from around the country: four dolomites, a basalt, and a serpentine/chlorite. Calibration factors were determined for each method at optimum asphalt content. Additional samples were then tested at optimum plus 0.5% asphalt content, and the measured asphalt content was calculated by using the correction factor determined for that method and aggregate source. The Tempyrox Pyro-Clean furnace, commonly used for cleaning laboratory glassware, produced the lowest aggregate correction factors. The standard method and the Ontario method, both using the Thermolyne ignition furnace, produced the smallest bias or error in measured asphalt content. The standard deviation of the corrected asphalt contents for these high-loss sources was higher than the within-laboratory standard deviation reported for AASHTO T308. The only exception was the Alabama source using the standard method. The Ontario method and Tempyrox oven generally reduced the variability of asphalt content measurements for high-loss aggregates. None of the methods evaluated statistically reduced aggregate breakdown on the nominal maximum aggregate size and 4.75-mm sieves. The Ontario method significantly reduced, but did not eliminate, aggregate breakdown on the 0.075-mm sieve. The Ontario method is the best method for immediate implementation for determining the asphalt content by the ignition method for high-loss aggregates.


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  • Accession Number: 01005199
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309093791
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Oct 7 2005 2:04PM