Real-Time Optimization for Adaptive Traffic Signal Control Using Genetic Algorithms

Control methodologies of traffic signals have significantly improved during the recent past along with advancements in technology. Adaptive traffic signal control is the most recent and advanced control type of traffic signal. Adaptive control is able to efficiently relieve traffic congestion by continuously adjusting signal timings according to real-time traffic conditions. Conventional optimization methods such as integer programming, hill climbing, or descent gradient searching have been gradually overshadowed by genetic algorithms in many areas, including traffic signal operations. The research presented in this article is distinct from previous studies in that it focuses on real-time adaptive signal optimization using genetic algorithms. The proposed adaptive signal system provides acyclic signal operation based on a rolling horizon real-time control approach. The algorithm was tested using microsimulation for on-line evaluation and comparison to fixed-time plans generated from the latest TRANSYT-7F version 9.7, which has a genetic algorithm feature. The developed signal system consists of three major components including a genetic algorithm optimization module, an internal traffic simulation module and a database management system all working in cooperation to optimize signal timings in real time. Using the pseudo on-line simulation platform, three testing scenarios for high, medium and low level of traffic demands were conducted, focusing on evaluating several important features of the proposed adaptive signal control system. The test results indicated that real-time genetic control outperformed fixed-signal timing plan in all scenarios based on total vehicle delay.

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  • Authors:
    • Lee, Jinwoo
    • Abdulhai, Baher
    • Shalaby, Amer
    • Chung, Eui-Hwan
  • Publication Date: 2005-7


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01004120
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 26 2005 10:29PM