Transport and Spatial Clustering

Local concentrations of economic activities have interested spatial economists for many decades. The introductory section of this chapter concerns terminology, which is far from standard. The concepts it aims at clarifying are often loosely defined. It proposes a nomenclature in line with rigorous definitions of the phenomena are described and analyzed. The traditional market forces (prices and quantities) approach then serves as a starting point for further developments. A clear example of its use is the way in which haulage and transport costs play a central role in the so-called Tinbergen-Bos systems (TBS) approach, and gives a particular insight into the problem at hand. Specifically, it generates conditions under which local concentrations of activities will be observed - or not - and also the types of joint locations that result from those activities. More recently, other, non-market, factors have been brought to the front, competing with, or complementing, the traditional factors that have guided the explanation of the joint location of economic activities. A central point is the transportation of goods versus mobility of people and ideas where an investigation in the assertion of declining transport costs is in order. The final two sections provide a synthesis of the main results in the field and then conclusions as to what the future is likely to bring in terms of facts and analyses. A limited number of references are provided as a starting point for further information and study.

  • Availability:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Published as Volume 5, Handbooks in Transport series, ISSN 1472-7889.
  • Corporate Authors:


    The Boulevard, Langford Lane
    Kidlington, Oxford  United Kingdom  OX5 1GB
  • Authors:
    • Paelinck, Jean HP
  • Publication Date: 2004


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Edition: First
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 97-109
  • Monograph Title: Handbook of Transport Geography and Spatial Systems

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01004054
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0080441084
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 14 2005 1:34PM