The Reform of Local Public Transport in Italy: The Roman Case

This chapter describes how, for years the local public transport (LPT) sector in Italy was characterized by crisis because of considerable financial losses and a drop in demand for collective transport. LPT has proven ineffective in a context where the car is the preferred means of transport both for systematic and occasional trips. LPT has not been capable of expanding its user base, which, on the contrary, has decreased while, at the same time, the proportion of private transport has increased. Even more paradoxically, LPT operating costs have grown beyond control and have generated management deficits that are no longer sustainable. This is particularly true for public companies. In order to face this long term decrease in transporting customers, operating cost rise, and increasing subsidies, some fundamental changes are introduced in the chapter. The traditional modal planning approach based on the integration between modes and services was abandoned. In order to increase efficiency, public intervention was aimed at separating the administrative, planning, and productive functions that were jointly held in the domain of the regional governments. In order to promote greater competition, new instruments were devised to stimulate and regulate the competitive process. Important examples of these instruments are service contracts, service charters, and public tenders.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 617-636
  • Monograph Title: Competition and Ownership in Land Passenger Transport

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01003345
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0080445802
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 24 2005 2:44PM