Informal Public Transport: The Pioneering Solution of Ribeirao Prest, SP, Brazil--The "Leva E Traz" Project

This chapter describes how, in recent years, the main Brazilian cites watched the sprouting of informal, also called clandestine, transport with individual operators and small size vehicles, disputing passengers with the structured transport systems. In Brazil, collective transport services are regaled by the public power, which determine line itineraries, schedules and the necessary operational fleet, as well as fare policy. In general, it is a private operation with enterprise organization, different from the organization in most third world countries. Informal operation is free from the incumbencies, tributes and regulations that shape the economic-financial balance of the formal systems, and threatens the formal sector with the prospect of deregulation. Thus the rendering of the service would start to be guided only by the market, subordinated to the private interests of independent operators, and organized by co-operative groups that would assume the functions of State (deregulation, control, punishment and exclusion). The chapter describes how the results of this process, that at first seems positive as a result of the increase in operational competition, soon become highly harmful, with disorganization and precariousness of services, aggravation of urban problems (pollution and traffic jams), loss of social and labor rights, loss of trust in the system, reduction of offer or even lack of service in places and times of low demand, increase in the risk of accidents, because of precariousness of the fleet and to the inexperience of the operators, and increase of the costs for the users and the society. There is the substitution of the State in the management of offers, that start to be made by the association of operators that create their own regulation, establish market reserve, avoid tarriff decreases, create private terminals and avoid the entrance of new operators.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: pp 577-587
  • Monograph Title: Competition and Ownership in Land Passenger Transport

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01003309
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0080445802
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 24 2005 2:29PM