Theoretical Modeling of Signal Loss versus Crack Opening for a Novel Crack Sensor

The degradation of concrete structures is always accompanied by the formation of cracks. Crack monitoring is hence useful in assessing the "health condition" of the structure. In our previous investigation on an optical-fiber crack sensor, we have successfully demonstrated the possibility of crack detection and monitoring without requiring prior knowledge of crack locations. Also, a single fiber can be employed to monitor a number of cracks. In practical applications, the signal loss versus crack opening relationship of the sensor needs to be properly "designed" to satisfy performance requirements on sensitivity to small cracks and/or the total number of detectable cracks (which is limited by the maximum loss at each crack). In this paper, a theoretical model for the signal loss versus crack opening relationship is developed through a combination of mechanical and optical analyses. Using concrete beams with embedded sensors, crack monitoring experiments are conducted. Test results are found to be in reasonably good agreement with predictions from the model. With the verified model, simulations are carried out to study the effect of various parameters on sensor performance. The potential application of the theoretical model to generate sensor design guidelines is hence demonstrated.

  • Availability:
  • Authors:
    • Leung, Christopher KY
    • Olson, Noah
    • Wan, Kai Tai
    • Meng, Aidong
  • Publication Date: 2005-8

Language

  • English

Media Info

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01002963
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 7 2005 11:55AM