URBAN STRUCTURE, PASSENGER TRANSPORT AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION. URBAN STRUCTURE AND THE INCREASE IN WORKING TRIPS DURING THE SEVENTIES

ORTSSTRUKTUR, PERSONTRANSPORTER OCH ENERGIKONSUMTION. UTSPRIDNING AV BEGYGGELSE OCH ARBETSRESORNAS OEKNING UNDER 70-TALET

This report deals with the following problems in Gothenburg and a region in the south west of Sweden. (1) General changes concerning location of residential areas and working areas during the seventies. (2) The development of travel patterns for journeys to work during recent decades and changes in travel patterns during recent years. (3) Influencing the location of residential areas and working areas with the purpose of influencing the need for working trips. (4) Influencing the traffic process with the purpose of reducing the energy dependence without changing the location pattern. Problems 3 and 4 are briefly dealt with. The following conclusions were drawn from the studies: (A) The introduction of measures reducing the spreading of residential areas is the most strategic method of achieving balance between working areas and residential areas. (B) Transferring activities from large urban areas to smaller urban areas may satisfy the need for residential areas near the place of work. (C) Present urban and regional planning is developing unfavourably from the point of view of working trips. (D) Public transport is of importance from the point of view of energy only in cities. (E) The car, the bicycle and the footway are the most realistic transport modes considering the quality of residential areas. (F) Changing the urban structure by locating works within walking and cycling distance is in the long term the most interesting alternative from the energy viewpoint. (G) The urban and regional planning and residential policy during the seventies regarding the possibilities of travelling to work and saving energy has been erroneous. /TRRL/

  • Corporate Authors:

    Gothenburg University, Sweden

    Kulturgeografiska Institutionen, Fack
    Gothenburg,   Sweden 
  • Authors:
    • Listerus, J
    • Lorentzon, S
    • NORDSTROEM, L
  • Publication Date: 1978

Language

  • Swedish

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 113 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00182672
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Choros No. 114 Monograph
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 3 1981 12:00AM