Regulatory Issues: The Role of International Maritime Institutions

This chapter discusses how the laws to regulate international shipping are not enacted by an international legislative body nor are they enforced by an international court. Rather they are enacted and enforced by three different regulatory authorities: the classification society, the flag state, and the coastal state. The regulations may be safety and environmental, but the focus is on the former. States have sought to standardize maritime law by convening conferences for the purposes of making maritime conventions - statements of objectives and regulations on particular issues that are acceptable to the majority of the states that have convened in order to discuss them. Three agencies o f the United Nations (UN) have been active in the organization and drafting of maritime conventions: the International Maritime Organization (IMO); the International Labor Organization (ILO); and the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNTCAS). Once a prescribed number of convening states have ratified a convention, each ratifying state is obligated to enact the convention into national laow, thus standardizing the law among the ratifying states.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 421-433
  • Monograph Title: Handbook of Transport Strategy, Policy and Institutions
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01002520
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0080441157
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 26 2005 12:42PM