Traffic Calming Policy Can Reduce Inequalities in Child Pedestrian Injuries: Database Study

This paper describes a small area ecological study that was conducted for two cities in the United Kingdom to determine how injury rates and inequalities for 4-16 year old pedestrians may have been affected by area-wide traffic calming. A longitudinal analysis of injury rates with cross sectional analysis of traffic calming and travel method to school was conducted. Results showed that the most deprived (least affluent) fourth of the first city had 4.8 times more traffic calming features per 1,000 population compared with the most affluent fourth. Injury rates among the most deprived dropped from 9.42 to 5.07 from 1992-1994 to 1998-2000. In the second city, the traffic calming ratio of the most to least deprived fourth was 1.88. Injury rates in the deprived areas dropped from 8.92 to 7.46. Similar proportions of 9-12 year olds walked to school in both cities. These results suggest that area-wide traffic calming is associated with absolute reductions in child pedestrian injury rates and reductions in relative inequalities in child pedestrian injury rates. Possible measured and unmeasured confounders are discussed.

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  • Authors:
    • Jones, S J
    • Lyons, R A
    • John, A
    • Palmer, S R
  • Publication Date: 2005-6


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01001365
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 28 2005 11:54PM