PERSONAL FLOTATION DEVICES RESEARCH. VOLUME 2. RESEARCH REPORT
Research on personal flotation devices (PFDs) is reported in three volumes. Volume 1 summarizes the research and presents a Proposed Technical Approach for development of performance-based PFD evaluation procedures. Volume II is the technical report. Volume III contains appendices. The Life-Saving Index (LSI) System provides a quantitative measure of the life-saving capability of PFDs called the Life-Saving Index (LSI). The LSI predicts the life-saving performance of the candidate PFD and makes it possible to compare diverse PFDs including inflatables, hybrids, and inherently buoyant devices. In one of two studies of PFD wearability/accessibility, nearly 2500 boaters were observed in recreational boating activities. In Study II, 67 different kinds of PFDs representing the major varieties available world-wide were distributed to recreational boaters for use and evaluation. Indices of PFD wearability and accessibility were developed, based upon evaluations and PFD use behavior. One approach to PFD effectiveness used the center and distribution of buoyancy to predict the effectiveness of PFDs on human subjects. A second approach employed an anthropomorphic dummy to simulate human buoyancy characteristics. A PFD effectiveness evaluation procedure using human body simulators is recommended. Reliability research centered on the development of an accelerated aging method which simulates the aging of PFDs in the recreational boating environment. Controlled experiments were performed to determine the individual and combined effects of environmental stressors on PFDs. Test procedures and a reliability model are presented.
- See also Volume 3, AD-A058 739.
Wyle Laboratories128 Maryland Street
El Segundo, CA USA 90245
- Doll, T
- Pfauth, M
- Gleason, J
- COHEN, S
- Stiehl, C
- Publication Date: 1978-1
- Pagination: 520 p.
- TRT Terms: Acceptance; Aging (Materials); Alternatives analysis; Anthropometry; Buoyancy; Data collection; Durability; Field tests; Human factors engineering; Inflatable structures; Life preservers; Marine safety; Reliability; Research; Safety equipment; Test procedures
- Identifier Terms: United States Coast Guard
- Uncontrolled Terms: Acceptability; Experimental design; Life jackets
- Old TRIS Terms: Environmental tests
- Subject Areas: Research; Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 00182016
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: MSR-78-1-VOL-2, USCG-D-41-78-VOL-2
- Contract Numbers: DOT-CG-42333-A
- Files: NTIS
- Created Date: Dec 3 2002 12:00AM