THE SIGNIFICANCE OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS AS A PARTIAL SUBSTITUTE FOR TRANSPORTATION
The major objective of the research is to determine the feasibility of using existing communications technology to prevent the need for many of the Central Business District (CBD), inter-office business trips made in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania area. The effect these technologies may exercise on future urban form and travel patterns is also examined, as various types of communication systems, their use, cost-effectiveness, advantages/disadvantages, and short and long-term forecasting as to present and future changes are discussed. The work trip offers the greatest potential for relieving congestion and associated costs, and since two out of five trips within the urban area (world-wide) are home to work and work to home, the possibilities of reducing peak hour congestion, delays, accidents, and pollution are immense. There are indications that in the future offices may provide suburban branches for the convenience of employees who can work together effectively with picture phones and time-sharing computers. The report addresses the Contact Record Surveys which were developed to present existing trip-making based on a sample of Pittsburgh CBD centers. Results of the questionnaires are analyzed.
Carnegie Mellon UniversityTransportation Research Institute
Pittsburgh, PA USA 15213
Urban Mass Transportation Administration400 7th Street, SW
Washington, DC USA 20590
- Wells, M
- Tolle, J E
- Publication Date: 1976-9
- Pagination: 132 p.
- TRT Terms: Business trips; Central business districts; Commuter service; Computers; Cost effectiveness; Forecasting; Office buildings; Passengers; Questionnaires; Socioeconomic factors; Telecommunications; Telephone; Traffic congestion; Transportation planning; Travel demand; Travel patterns; Urban transportation; Work trips
- Geographic Terms: Pennsylvania
- Old TRIS Terms: Central city; Substitutes
- Subject Areas: Economics; Environment; Passenger Transportation; Railroads; Society;
- Accession Number: 00182000
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: UMTA-PA-11-0013-78-1Final Rpt.
- Files: NTIS, TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Nov 14 1979 12:00AM