A Life Cycle Assessment in the Service Sector: The Case of Bus and Private Transportation

Many industrial strategies have been developed in order to improve manufacturers’ environmental responsibility and consumer’s consciousness over the last few decades. However, not many of these efforts have involved the service industries. Information about environmental performance of services is becoming increasingly important today. One of the most extensive tools used to assess the environmental impact of a product, process or activity is LCA (life cycle assessment). It is an iterative process for assessing the consumption of resources, environmental impact and waste generation associated with the whole life cycle. This methodology has been standardized by different institutions (CEN, ISP AND SETAC), and has been applied successfully in a great number of companies. This paper presents a LCA applied to the passengers’ transportation service using SIMAPRO 5.1, comparing the impacts if using public road transport with those associated with the use of particular cars for a regional short-distance trajectory. To apply it, we must consider the typical stages identified in the performance of a service: service preparation, service production and consumption, which are simultaneous, and activities after the service (mainly maintenance activities). This study helps to support theories that promote the use of public transport against private. This solution attempts to improve traffic between cities and to improve out environment.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 123-132
  • Monograph Title: Urban Transport XI: Urban Transport and the Environment in the 21st Century

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01000802
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 184564008X
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 13 2005 1:20PM