Reinforced Soil Using Cohesive Fill and Electrokinetic Geosynthetics

An electrokinetic geosynthetic (EKG), is a polymeric geosynthetic material, enhanced to conduct electricity, which can be used to transport water in fine-grained soils by electrokinetic means. This paper describes the design, construction details, and analysis of a reinforced soil wall using EKG and wet cohesive fill. In order to establish an initial design layout, a long-term stability analysis of the wall was carried out using the soil's critical state shear strength parameters. The long-term design was then checked for short-term stability based upon a minimum required undrained shear strength for the clay utilizing four different short-term analytical methods: critical height, Coulomb, discrete theory, and composite theory. The electroosmosis design was then undertaken, based upon the water content—undrained shear strength curve for the fill material ascertained from laboratory testing. Using this curve the difference between the as-placed water content and the water content corresponding to an undrained shear strength of 20 kPa was calculated, giving the volume of water that needed to be removed from each lift of clay fill. Using this volume of water the electroosmosis calculations were undertaken. A simplistic analysis was undertaken using a linear voltage gradient and fixed soil parameters, followed by a more complex analysis using finite difference techniques to establish the voltage gradient. The variation in the value of electro-osmotic permeability were estimated using both an empirical model and a graphical interpretation of the actual variation of electro-osmotic permeability measured in the laboratory. The results of these analyses yielded estimated treatment times and undrained shear strength of the clay.

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  • Authors:
    • Glendinning, S
    • Jones, C J F P
    • Pugh, R C
  • Publication Date: 2005-6


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01000789
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 7 2005 10:43PM