WHAT HAS BEEN LEARNED ABOUT AIR POLLUTION CONTROL
The method of controlling pollution through marginal damage taxes is durable, but it is difficult to be optimistic about taxation as a generally accepted approach to environmental control. As part of this research, the authors are estimating optimal particulate and sulfur dioxide emission taxes. But those with decision-making responsibility are not receptive to the taxation approach, because of the income transfers they imply and the complicated compensation schemes that would be required to make them 'wealth neutral.' Another disadvantage is that because of the individualistic nature of pollution damages, the optimal tax per pound of pollutant is different for every emitter. A prediction is that the scope for more nearly optimizing pollution control will increase, though most likely in non-tax forms. Even within the rigid uniform environmental quality standards approach, there are alternative ways of meeting standards. The cost-effectiveness studies of auto emission controls and benefit-cost analyses of stationary source measures for meeting air quality standards carried out in this project have significantly influenced control plans being adopted in Chicago.
- Presented at the 1976 Air Pollution Control Association Meetings in Portland, Oregon 27 Jun-1 Jul 76. Prepared in cooperation with Argonne National Lab., Chicago, Ill. Energy and Environmental Systems. Report on Environmental Pollutants and the Urban Economy.
University of Illinois, ChicagoCenter for Urban Studies
Chicago, IL United States 60680
Argonne National LaboratoryEnergy and Environmental Systems Division, 9700 S Cass Avenue
Argonne, IL United States 60439
National Science Foundation1800 G Street, NW
Washington, DC United States 20550
- TOLLEY, G S
- Graves, P E
- Publication Date: 1976
- Pagination: 13 p.
- TRT Terms: Air quality management; Benefit cost analysis; Cost effectiveness; Decision making; Economic analysis; Employee compensation; Exhaust gases; Motor vehicles; Particles; Particulates; Pollutants; Regulations; Standards; Sulfur dioxide; Taxation; Taxes
- Uncontrolled Terms: Compensation
- Geographic Terms: Illinois
- Subject Areas: Economics; Finance; Highways; Law;
- Accession Number: 00181803
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: NSF/RA-761278
- Contract Numbers: NSF-AEN75-23633, NSF-AEN72-03388
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Oct 31 1979 12:00AM