IS THERE A PATTERN IN EUROPEAN BUS AND COACH INCIDENTS? A LITERATURE ANALYSIS WITH SPECIAL FOCUS ON INJURY CAUSATION AND INJURY MECHANISMS

The aim of this literature analysis is to identify and describe a pattern in bus- and coach related incidents leading to injuries and fatalities in Europe, with special attention to injury causes and injury mechanisms. The paper will also suggest some future measures for the improvement of bus and coach safety, especially with respect to passive safety. The paper presents following conclusions: Women travel more frequently by bus than men, and injuries sustained predominantly affected women 60 years of age and older; bus and coach fatalities represented only 0.3-0.5% of all traffic fatalities; fatalities were more frequent on rural roads; boarding and alighting caused about 1/3 of all injury cases; rollovers occurred in almost all cases of severe coach crashes; a 3-point belt is the most preferred safety belt in buses and coaches; and ejection is the most dangerous injury mechanism in bus and coach crashes.

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00989496
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Apr 6 2005 12:00AM