RAPID, EFFICIENT CHARGING OF LEAD-ACID AND NICKEL-ZINC TRACTION CELLS
Lead-acid and nickel-zinc traction cells were rapidly and efficiently charged using a high rate tapered direct current (HRTDC) charge method which could possibly be used for on-the-road service recharge of electric vehicles. The HRTDC method takes advantage of initial high cell charge acceptance and uses cell gassing rate and temperature as an indicator of charging efficiency. On the average, in these preliminary tests, 300 amp-hour nickel-zinc traction cells were given a HRTDC (initial current 500 amps, final current 100 amps) to 78 percent of rated amp-hour capacity within 53 minutes at an amp-hour efficiency of 92 percent and an energy efficiency of 52 percent. Three hundred amp-hour lead-acid traction cells were charged to 69 percent of rated amp-hour capacity within 46 minutes at an amp-hour efficiency of 91 percent with an energy efficiency of 64 percent. In order to find ways to further decrease the recharge times, the effect of periodically (0 to 400 Hz) pulse discharging cells during a constant current charging process (94% duty cycle) was investigated. Preliminary data indicate no significant effect of this type of pulse discharging during charge on charge acceptance of lead-acid or nickel-zinc cells.
- Conf-to be Presented at the 13th Intersoc. Energy Conversion Eng. Conf., San Diego, Calif., 20-25 Aug. 1978.
Department of the NavyThe Pentagon
Washington, DC United States 20350
- Smithrick, J J
- Publication Date: 1978
- Pagination: 9 p.
- TRT Terms: Acids; Battery chargers; Direct current; Economic efficiency; Electric batteries; Electric vehicles; Energy; Lead acid batteries; Lead compounds; Nickel; Nickel zinc batteries; Zinc
- Uncontrolled Terms: Efficiency
- Old TRIS Terms: Cells; Charging; Recharge
- Subject Areas: Economics; Energy; Highways; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00181674
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: NASA-TM-78901
- Contract Numbers: EC-77-A-31-1011
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Oct 31 1979 12:00AM