A probability sample of 19,125 children who represented 243,540 children provided data for this study. The children were all enrolled in an on-going traffic accident surveillance system that links insurance claims data to validated accident investigation data and telephone surveys. They were all ages 15 years or younger. The study estimated a risk of AIS2+ abdominal injury for different restraint, accident, child and vehicle correlates. The relative importance of these predictors was identified by multivariate logistic regression. The research was undertaken to determine the pattern of abdominal injuries in children involved in traffic accidents, beyond poor seat belt fit. It was found that the highest risk of abdominal injury was to children 4-8 years old. The injury risk to children ages 4-8 years old was 10 times and 6 times higher in sport utility vehicles and passenger cars, respectively, compared to minivans. Rear seating did not reduce the risk of abdominal injuries. Some of the results suggest a possible trade-off between abdominal injuries and head/face injuries - those children restrained in rear seats who received AIS2+ head/face injuries were 90% less likely to get an abdominal injury than whose children who did not sustain a head/face injury.


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  • Accession Number: 00988838
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0768014468
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 2004-22-0021
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 19 2005 12:00AM