UPPER EXTREMITY INTERACTION WITH A HELICOPTER SIDE AIRBAG: INJURY CRITERIA FOR DYNAMIC HYPEREXTENSION OF THE FEMALE ELBOW JOINT

This paper presents an analysis in three parts that characterizes the interaction between a helicopter side airbag system and the female upper extremity in order to develop injury criteria for dynamic hyperextension for the female elbow joint. Part I discusses 10 experiments with an original Army black Hawk helicopter side airbag. Results of two of the 10 tests indicated elbow bending moments of 128 Nm and 144 Nm. Part II describes dynamic hyperextension testing on elbow joints of 24 female cadavers. Results on 16 of the 24 elbow joints tested indicate injuries of varying severity. Based on the results of parts I and II, the airbag was redesigned. Part III tested the redesigned airbag to make sure that risks of upper extremity injury, and specifically elbow injury, were mitigated by the redesign.

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)

    400 Commonwealth Drive
    Warrendale, PA  United States  15096
  • Authors:
    • Duma, S M
    • Hansen, G A
    • Kennedy, E A
    • Rath, Amber L
    • McNally, C
    • Kemper, A R
    • Smith, E P
    • Brolinson, P G
    • Stitzel, J D
    • Davis, M B
    • Bass, C R
    • Brozoski, F T
    • McEntire, B J
    • Alem, N M
    • Crowley, J S
  • Publication Date: 2004-11

Language

  • English

Media Info

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00988812
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0768014468
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 2004-22-0007
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 12 2005 12:00AM