STRATEGIC PLANNING AND CHANGE IN EMERGENCY TRANSPORTATION
A series of mathematical models is presented to help provide answers to three basic emergency transportation questions. How many and what type of vehicles are required. Where should they be located. How many vehicles should be placed at each location. The models range from a relatively simple one for estimating the number of vehicles necessary to satisfy demand and response time to more complex models for determining location/allocation using programing and simulation. The method for determining the appropriate number of vehicles uses statistical methods and proven square-root laws for predicting response time. The data can be estimated accurately. Even the more complex models require limited computer capacity requirements and are designed to be used by regional health planners. Geographic constraints can also be taken into account in these models. For example, in rural areas demand, and therefore utilization, will be small, but response time criteria must be met. In urban areas, demand will be the determinant, since time requirements will be more easily met in the relatively smaller geographic space.
Pittsburgh University, PittsburghHealth Operations Research Group
Pittsburgh, PA United States 15261
National Institutes of Health9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, MD United States 20814
- Shuman, L J
- Wolfe, H
- Sepulveda, J
- Publication Date: 1977-5
- Pagination: 35 p.
- TRT Terms: Data analysis; Demand; Emergencies; Emergency medical services; Emergency response time; Emergency vehicles; Health care; Health care services; Information processing; Mathematical analysis; Mathematical models; Methodology; Planning; Public health; Reaction time; Rural areas; Systems analysis; Theory; Transportation; Transportation planning; Urban areas
- Old TRIS Terms: Personal health services
- Subject Areas: Planning and Forecasting; Safety and Human Factors; Transportation (General);
- Accession Number: 00181568
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: Final Rpt.
- Contract Numbers: PHS-HS-00714
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Oct 31 1979 12:00AM