The Model Ice Cream Truck Ordinance (MICTO) is a legal countermeasure designed to prevent child pedestrian accidents from occurring near ice cream trucks. Among other things, the MICTO requires motorists to stop before passing an ice cream truck displaying the special swing arm and flashing lights which must be actuated when the truck is stopped to vend. The MICTO was enacted by the city of Detroit on 12 May 1976 and became fully effective on 10 June 1976. A two year field test of the safety-effectiveness of the MICTO was conducted. Results for 1976 show that radar measured average motorist speed abreast of vending ice cream trucks was reduced from 28.10 mph before the MICTO to 15.65 mph after the MICTO--a 44% reduction. During the 1 July - 31 October 1976 period, vendor-related child pedestrian accidents were reduced from a prior three year average of 19.67 before the MICTO to 9 after the MICTO--a 54% reduction. In 1977 average motorist speed at the truck continued at a reduced level of 15.79 mph. However, vendor related child pedestrian accidents were lowered from a 1973-75 pre-MICTO average of 48.67 to 11 in 1977--a 77% reduction.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Dunlap and Associates Incorporated

    One Parkland Drive
    Darien, CT  United States  06820

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

    Office of Driver and Pedestrian Programs, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Hale, A
    • Blomberg, R D
    • Preusser, D V
  • Publication Date: 1978-4

Media Info

  • Pagination: 109 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00181401
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: DOT-HS-803-410 Final Rpt., ED-78-1
  • Contract Numbers: DOT-HS-5-01144
  • Files: NTIS, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Oct 12 1981 12:00AM