This paper presents the usefulness of optimizing the size of waste tire shreds on shear strength parameters of sand reinforced with shredded waste tires. A relatively, uniform sand has been mixed with randomly distributed waste tire shreds with rectangular shape and compacted at 2 degrees of compaction. Waste tire shreds were prepared with a special cutter in three widths of 2, 3, and 4 cm and various lengths for each shred width. Three shred contents of 15, 30, and 50% by volume were chosen and mixed with the sand to obtain a uniformly distributed mixture. In order to compare the shear strength of different sand-tire shred samples, two compaction efforts in terms of different sand matrix unit weights were considered. The results show that the influencing parameters on shear strength characteristics of sand-shred mixtures are normal stress, sand matrix unit weight, shred content, shred width, and aspect ratio of tire shreds. With the selected widths of shreds, compaction efforts, shred contents, and the variations of aspect ratios, it is possible to increase the initial friction angle up to 113.5. The average value for the influence of aspect ratio variations on increase in friction angle of the mixtures for all tests has been found to be about 25%. These average values for lower and higher compacted samples containing different widths and aspect rations were 37.6 and 17.2%, respectively. It has been investigated that for a given width of tire rectangular shreds, there is solely a certain length, which gives the greatest initial friction angle for sand-tire shred mixtures. This is the main contribution of this paper.


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  • Accession Number: 00987420
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 14 2005 12:00AM