LIVES SAVED BY THE FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY STANDARDS AND OTHER VEHICLE SAFETY TECHNOLOGIES, 1960-2002 - PASSENGER CARS AND LIGHT TRUCKS - WITH A REVIEW OF 19 FMVSS AND THEIR EFFECTIVENESS IN REDUCING FATALITIES, INJURIES AND CRASHES

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) began to evaluate its Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) in 1975. By October 2004, NHTSA had evaluated the effectiveness of virtually all the life-saving technologies introduced in passenger cars, pickup trucks, sport utility vehicles and vans from about 1960 up through the later 1990's. A statistical model estimates the number of lives saved from 1960 to 2002 by the combination of these life-saving technologies. Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) data for 1975-2002 document the actual crash fatalities in vehicles that, especially in recent years, include many safety technologies. Using NHTSA's published effectiveness estimates, the model estimates how many people would have died if the vehicles had not been equipped with any of the safety technologies. In addition to equipment meeting specific FMVSS, the model tallies lives saved by installations in advance of the FMVSS, back to 1960, and by non-compulsory improvements, such as the redesign of mid and lower instrument panels. FARS data have been available since 1975, but an extension of the model allows estimates of lives saved in 1960-1974. Vehicle safety technologies saved an estimated 328,551 lives from 1960 through 2002. The annual number of lives saved grew quite steadily from 115 in 1960, when a small number of people used lap belts, to 24,561 in 2002, when most cars and light trucks were equipped with numerous modern safety technologies and belt use on the road achieved 75 percent.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Appendices; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 300 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00988030
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-809 833, Technical Report
  • Files: HSL, TRIS, ATRI, USDOT
  • Created Date: Mar 2 2005 12:00AM