OPPORTUNITY AND RISK ASSESSMENT OF THE ELECTRIC AND HYBRID VEHICLE RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND DEMONSTRATION ACT OF 1976

Electric and hybrid vehicles (EHVs) may be essential components of the U.S. transportation system because of their potential petroleum savings and environmental benefits. These considerations motivated passage of the EHV Act. While the primary Act goal is to foster commercialization of this technology, the role of the federal government in the commercialization process is an issue. The assessment was requested by ERDA, responsible for administering the Act, to help guide Act implementation. The assessment was performed by an interdisciplinary task force which considered the wide range of implementation options open to the federal government. The areas covered include EHV energy and environmental impact, technology, industry capabilities, market potential, institutional factors, service and demonstration facilities, and federal demonstration experience. The assessment reached several main conclusions on the status of EHVs. The technology of EHVs has potential for significant improvement over the next five to fifteen years, present U.S. manufacturers of EHVs produce primarily for commercial and special-purpose markets, passenger EHV manufacturers have limited development experience and production facilities, significant petroleum and environmental relief is possible with a commercial-market EHV strategy, and available market research data are not suitable for EHV sales projections. Seven opportunities and five risks are identified. Sixteen actions are recommended to realize opportunities and avoid risks. These include: expand the Act schedule, provide vehicle procurement flexibility, support a major R and D program, increase the level of loan guarantees to potential EHV firms, concentrate on commercial or special-purpose markets, shelter the initial demonstration vehicles, develop market data, and publicize the special characteristics of EHVs. (ERA citation 03:028838)

  • Corporate Authors:

    Purdue University

    Institute for Interdisciplinary Engineering Studies
    West Lafayette, Indiana,   United States  47907

    Department of Energy

    1000 Independence Avenue, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20585
  • Publication Date: 1978-1

Media Info

  • Pagination: 330 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00181126
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: COO-4250-1
  • Contract Numbers: EC-77-S-02-4250
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 14 1978 12:00AM