OPTIMIZATION AND TESTING OF HIGHWAY MATERIALS TO MITIGATE ICE ADHESION
Field tests at the WSU Pavement Test Facility augment BBRC laboratory tests with comparative results. Factors of concern included pavement type, tire type, environment and toxicity, wear, ice/snow adhesion and asphalt overlays which included the substances as a component of the mix. Although the winter conditions were mild, the limited amount of tests and data did allow a ranking based on skid resistance change, water beading, and snow/ice removal properties of the different formulations. The most effective formulations were combinations of modified traffic paints and room-temperature-curing silicone rubber. Of the formulations tested only one was deemed toxic. Other formulations showed little or no toxicity. Although definitive results were obtained in the study, unusually mild winter conditions in eastern Washington in 1976-1977 restricted completion of the desired operational parameters.
Washington State University, PullmanDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering
P.O. Box 642910
Pullman, WA USA 99164-2910
Environmental Protection AgencyMunicipal Environmental Research Laboratory
Cincinnati, OH USA 45268
- KRUKAR, M
- Cook, J C
- Publication Date: 1978-3
- Pagination: 157 p.
- TRT Terms: Adhesion; Deicers (Equipment); Deicing; Economic analysis; Elastomers; Environmental impacts; Field tests; Flexible pavements; Highway transportation; Highways; Paint; Pavements; Rubber; Silicon; Skid resistance; Snow; Snow and ice control; Tires; Toxicity; Wear; Winter
- Uncontrolled Terms: Deicers
- Geographic Terms: Washington (State)
- Old TRIS Terms: Beading; Highway pavement
- Subject Areas: Economics; Environment; Geotechnology; Highways; Materials; Pavements; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00181023
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: EPA/600/2-78/035 Intrm Rpt.
- Contract Numbers: EPA-R-804660
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Sep 14 1978 12:00AM