INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS IN TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS AND THEIR POTENTIAL FOR BIAS TOWARD VEHICLES OF PARTICULAR CHARACTERISTICS. FINAL REPORT

This report is required by Section 13(a) of the Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Research, Development and Demonstration Act of 1976 (PL94-413). It presents the evaluation of a number of institutional factors related to taxes, regulations, traffic behavior and control, urban characteristics, electrical supply, Federal policies, and auto-industry structure in terms of their potential for the creation of bias in surface transportation systems toward vehicles of particular characteristics. The major societal institutions of the United States clearly reflect a transportation-oriented society in which the internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicle predominates. Institutions appropriate to conventional vehicles, however, may create biases against alternative vehicle systems with significantly different characteristics. This study presents an analysis of such institutional biases and their influence on U.S. surface transportation systems. Its primary focus is on biases for or against electric and hybrid vehicles as compared with conventional ICE vehicles. To perform the analysis, an analytical structure and methodology were developed to define and evaluate institutional factors and their potential impact on particular vehicle characteristics. (ERA citation 03:018590)

  • Record URL:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transportation Systems Center

    55 Broadway, Kendall Square
    Cambridge, MA  United States  02142

    Department of Energy

    1000 Independence Avenue, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20585
  • Publication Date: 1977-12

Media Info

  • Pagination: 424 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00180605
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Files: NTL, TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 19 1978 12:00AM