THE EFFECTS OF DEPOWERED AIRBAGS ON EYE INJURIES IN FRONTAL AUTOMOBILE CRASHES

To reduce the incidence of airbag-induced fatal and severe injuries, new depowered airbags that were less aggressive than full powered airbags were introduced in 1998. This study investigates eye injuries resulting from frontal automobile crashes and determines the effect of depowered airbags versus full powered airbags. The National Automotive Sampling System database files from 1993 to 2000 were examined in a three-part investigation of 22,236 individual crashes. Of the 2,103,308 occupants exposed to a full powered deployment, 3.7% sustained an eye injury compared to 1.7% of the 310,039 occupants exposed to a depowered airbag deployment. Occupants were at a significantly higher risk to sustain an airbag-induced eye injury when exposed to a full powered airbag compared to occupants exposed to a depowered airbag deployment. Approximately 90% of the eye injuries in full powered airbag deployments were caused by the airbag, compared to only 35% of the depowered airbag eye injuries. Occupants who sustained airbag-induced eye injuries from a depowered airbag were heavier and in more severe crashes than those occupants who sustained an airbag-induced eye injury from a full powered airbag. These results suggest that one side effect of depowering airbags has been to reduce the risk of eye injuries.

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Elsevier

    360 Park Avenue South
    New York, NY  United States  10011-1710
  • Authors:
    • Duma, S M
    • Rath, Amber L
    • Jernigan, M Virginia
    • Stitzel, J D
    • HERRING, I P
  • Publication Date: 2005

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00986675
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 23 2005 12:00AM