CAR SAFETY AND SOCIAL DIFFERENCES IN TRAFFIC INJURIES AMONG YOUNG ADULT DRIVERS: A STUDY OF TWO-CAR INJURY-GENERATING CRASHES IN SWEDEN

This study investigates whether socioeconomic and sex differences between young people involved in injury-generating road-traffic crashes vary with regard to type of vehicle involved. The study also examines whether social differentials are the same or similar for young people according to whether socioeconomic position is measured by origin (i.e., that of the parents of household of a young person) or destination (i.e., that ascribed to the young person in adulthood). A cohort, register-based investigation was conducted. Individual records of subjects born 1970-1972 in Sweden were linked to road traffic crash data for the period 1988-2000 for first police-registered two-car crashes leading to severe or fatal injury. Injuries were split into categories according to level of car safety on a five-point scale, based on criteria related to crash safety. Account is taken of both how the car is constructed and the effectiveness of its safety equipment (such as air bags and seat belts). For each car-safety level, relative risks are computed considering socioeconomic groups of origin, educational level and sex. The findings showed no substantial differences between drivers in different socioeconomic positions of origin except for crashes involving cars 30% better than average with regard to safety. There are consistent risk differences across all car-safety categories according to educational level. Male drivers show an elevated risk of injury in all car categories, except for cars with the poorest safety where they are at significant under-risk. These results suggest that car-safety level impacts on social differences in road traffic injury risks in specific and restricted ways.

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Elsevier

    Sara Burgerhartstraat 25
    1055 KV Amsterdam,   Netherlands 
  • Authors:
    • Laflamme, L
    • Vaez, M
    • Hasselberg, M
    • Kullgren, A
  • Publication Date: 2005

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00986671
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 21 2005 12:00AM