FATAL MOTOR VEHICLE CRASHES IN RURAL AND URBAN AREAS: DECOMPOSING RATES INTO CONTRIBUTING FACTORS

This study uses a decomposition method to explore the factors associated with increased fatal crash involvement rates in rural communities compared with urban areas. Using national databases, the fatal crash incidence density was decomposed into the product of three factors: the injury fatality rate, the crash injury rate and the crash incidence density. Results showed that the fatal crash incidence density was more than twice as high in rural than in urban areas. This was driven primarily by the injury fatality rate, which was almost three times higher in rural areas. Since the fatal crash incidence density and the crash incidence density both correct for vehicle miles traveled, the increased risk for fatality on a rural road is linked with factors associated with the crash and after the crash rather than with driving exposure. These results suggest that further research is needed on the relative roles of crash severity and the timely receipt of medical care following a collision in rural areas.

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  • Corporate Authors:

    BMJ Publishing Group

    BMJ House, Tavistock Square
    London WC1H 9JR,   United Kingdom 
  • Authors:
    • Zwerling, C
    • Peek-Asa, C
    • Whitten, P S
    • Choi, S-W
    • Sprince, N L
    • Jones, M P
  • Publication Date: 2005-2

Language

  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00986652
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 16 2005 12:00AM