INTEGRATED SCHEDULING OF DAILY WORK ACTIVITIES AND MORNING-EVENING COMMUTES WITH BOTTLENECK CONGESTION

The scheduling of travel and work activities may depend on factors such as the travel cost of the after-work trip, the work duration and the utility variation of different work times. In this analysis of bottleneck congestion and departure time choice, this paper attempts to link the home-to-work and work-to-home trip schedules via the work duration. The morning home-to-work and evening work-to-home travel costs are calculated by the bottleneck queuing models and each individual's work utility is determined according to his/her work start time and end time with a predetermined marginal timing utility function. In choosing their travel and activity schedules, travelers make a tradeoff between travel cost minimization and stay-at-home and work utility maximization. Elastic travel demand is considered by incorporating telecommuting as an alternative. A discrete choice model is used to predict the dynamic evolution process and stationary distribution of individual schedule patterns. After specifying various kinds of timing utility functions with different degrees of flexibility in work hour schemes, a set of numerical experiments are conducted. The experimental results suggest that flexible or staggered work hour schemes are effective in reducing morning and evening peak hour congestion as well as saving total work hours.

Language

  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00986614
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Feb 6 2005 12:00AM