The structure of urban housing markets tends to segregate low income households into (1) inner suburbs where they generally suffer high personal costs imposed by external effects of other people's transport, and affecting different members of the household to different extents or else (2) into outer suburbs where they face high access costs through poor quality of provision and differential pricing. The outer suburban 'transport-poor' are particularly compelled, by the structure of blue-collar employment makets, to a high level of automobile use. The report suggests that any effective transport policy must include such elements as: differential pricing of fuel and of other components (with price related to income and to location); pricing to reflect imposed external costs; impact amelioration programs to correct external effects, or else to compensate for them; rationing of parking space in inner city and similar areas, but with exemptions for the handicapped and other disadvantaged persons, etc. Further however, there must ultimately be fundamental changes to the division of labour and division of leisure: the distribution of transport services is merely a symptom of historic processes of competition and conflict, whose effects must be reversed if 'transport' policies are to have real success. Paper presented at 48th ANZAAS Congress Melbourne 1977. /TRRL/

  • Corporate Authors:

    Melbourne University, Australia

    Grattan Street
    Parkville, Victoria 3052,   Australia 
  • Authors:
    • KING, R
  • Publication Date: 1977

Media Info

  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 26 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00179901
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Monograph
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 27 1981 12:00AM