Reductions in public transport services, increased fares and highway congestion have led to three kinds of intervention: regulation and licensing, financial support and control and taxation of alternatives. The history and effectiveness of each method are discussed. The basic mechanism for controlling stage and express carriageway bus services is still the 1930 road traffic act, but the concept of cross-subsidisation between routes and runs at different times of the day is now difficult to apply. The 1968 act created new management structures for the bus industry and took large sections into public ownership. It also allowed both bus and rail services to be subsidised. The Railways Act 1974 altered the financial basis to bring the UK in line with EEC practice and widen the scope for the payment of grants to British Rail. Although capital grants became available for new transport infrastructure, it is now unlikely that wholly new commuter systems will be developed. It is concluded that the present decline in public transport usage and operation in the UK will continue because there is no determined application of positive subsidies or control or taxation of alternatives.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Chartered Institute of Transport, England

    80 Portland Place
    London W1N 4DP,   England 
  • Authors:
    • Harrison, G A
  • Publication Date: 1977-3

Media Info

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00179522
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 27 1981 12:00AM