DYNAMIC RESPONSES OF RAILROAD CAR MODELS TO VERTICAL AND LATERAL RAIL INPUTS

Simplified dynamic models were applied in a study of vibration in a high-speed railroad car. The mathematical models used were a four-degree-of-freedom model for vertical responses to vertical rail inputs and a ten-degree-of-freedom model for lateral response to lateral or rolling (cross-level) inputs from the rails. Elastic properties of the passenger car body were represented by bending and torsion of a uniform beam. Rail-to-car (truck) suspensions were modeled as spring-mass-dashpot oscillators. Lateral spring nonlinearities approximating certain complicated truck mechanisms were introduced. The models were excited by displacement and, in some cases, velocity inputs from the rails by both deterministic (including sinusoidal) and random input functions. Results were obtained both in the frequency and time domains. Solutions in the time domain for the lateral model were obtained for a wide variety of transient and random inputs generated on-line by an analog computer. Variations in one of the damping properties of the lateral car suspension gave large fluctuations in response over a range of car speeds for a given input. This damping coefficient was significant in reducing lateral car responses that were higher for nonlinear springs for three different inputs. (Author)

  • Corporate Authors:

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration

    Langley Research Center
    Hampton, VA  USA  23681
  • Authors:
    • Sewall, J L
    • PARRISH, R V
    • Durling, B J
  • Publication Date: 1971-11

Media Info

  • Pagination: 97 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00039854
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: NASA-TN-D-6375, L-7283
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 9 1973 12:00AM