ATC: THE HUMAN ELEMENT

This article describes how air traffic controllers use the equipment at their disposal and the general operating procedures of the tower and ATC center. Also, a scheduled flight, from takeoff to landing, is described to show how the ATC system handled them on their 5,000 non-stop polar sector. Requirements for air traffic controllers are discussed and it is noted that they are mainly assessed on their educational background, aptitude and personality. The operations of three distinct teams in the tower are described, they are the ground movement planning control team, ground movement control, and the air departure (runway control) team. Also in the tower, but distinctly separated from the three teams, is the approach control team which uses radar displays to sort out aircraft arriving from various directions and puts them in an orderly sequence. A brief description of the airline's flight planning department, is given as their decisions ultimately affect the ATC organizatons which control the aircraft enroute. The ATC computer's main function, it is concluded, is to relieve crews and controllers of monotonous routine work. They provide rapid answers and can address the effects of more alternative decisions than could a human controller. But the final decision about an aircrafts safety is ultimately made by a controller.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    IPC Transport Press, Limited

    Dorset House, Stamford Street
    London SE1 9LU,   England 
  • Authors:
    • Hirst, M
  • Publication Date: 1978-5-20

Media Info

  • Pagination: p. 1439
  • Serial:
    • Flight International
    • Volume: 113
    • Issue Number: 3609
    • Publisher: Reed Business Information, Limited
    • ISSN: 0015-3710

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00177447
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Flight International
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 19 1978 12:00AM