ESTIMATING THE POTENTIAL FUTURE OIL SPILLS FROM TANKERS, OFFSHORE DEVELOPMENT, AND ONSHORE PIPELINES

Historical spill statistics are summarized, and techniques and equations that can be used to predict oil spills are described. Tanker casualty spills during 1969-72 indicate that such spills can be expected within 50 mi of land, an average of once in every 1,000 vessel portcalls or about once in every 50 vessel-years of operation. Oil spill data for outer continental shelf petroleum development operations during 1966-75 indicate an average spill rate from all causes of about 72 bbl/1,000,000 bbl produced. Oil industry cross-country pipeline spill data for Western Europe (1978-74) and Canada (1965-72) show that 1.1-1.5 spills can be expected from all causes/yr/1,000 mi of pipeline. The mean spill rate was 3.6 bbl/1,000,000 bbl.

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 21-30

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00177245
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Pollution Abstracts
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Publication 4284
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 28 1978 12:00AM