ANALYSIS OF FREEWAY IMPACT IN FIVE URBAN AREAS IN NORTH CAROLINA

Five urban areas in North Carolina are served by a controlled-access facility in the form of a bypass, beltway, or crosstown artery. These facilities were developed as part of the Interstate System and were incorporated into the transportation plans of the communities as such plans were developed. The impact of these facilities on land-use changes and traffic generation is the topic of this paper. The research methodology consisted of collecting historical data on land use, population, and traffic from available records and analyzing them to determine possible correlations with the development of the highway facility. The study showed that in all five cases studied the freeway had a definite impact on the development of the interchange quadrants and on the overall shaping of the urban structure. The attractor characteristics of the facility caused urban development to shift and center around the facility, resulting in a substantial increase in traffic on both the facility and the crossroads. In most cases, the rapid transition of the facility from a suburban bypass to an urban beltway or crosstown artery further caused an undesirable mixture of local, internal-external, and through traffic. The need to recognize and predict the land-use changes that will result from an urban freeway is therefore an important factor in highway and transportation planning.

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; Maps; References;
  • Pagination: pp 26-32
  • Monograph Title: Transportation planning techniques for small communities
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00177133
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309026652
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Jun 28 1978 12:00AM