SOME RECENT OBSERVATIONS REGARDING THE UNIQUE CHARACTERISTICS AND EFFECTIVENESS OF SELF-MIX CHEMICAL DISPERSANTS

Uniformly sized, dispersed oil droplets of about 1 micron diameter are formed by the diffusion action of self-mix chemical dispersants. The droplet size influences the dilution rate of the spilled oil in field applications, and data to support this are presented. The results of laboratory bioassays performed with these much smaller dispersed oil droplets, and opposed to larger droplets formed with mechanical mixing, can be misinterpreted since the increased rate of dilution afforded by smaller droplet size is not replicated. The apparent synergistic effects between oil and dispersant do not indicate that chemical dispersants release toxic substances from the oil into the water. Data are presented which show that dispersants do not cause the oil to sink.

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 387-390

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00177082
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Pollution Abstracts
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Publication 4284
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 28 1978 12:00AM