This paper deals specifically with the development and testing of a modern tramways system for operation within the city of Sheffield. The main reasons for the initial examination of such a system arose firstly, from the fact that the city planned a rapidly-expanding commercial centre in a region of 800000 people; secondly, because there was limited space for highway expansion radial to the city centre and strong environmental objectives to such; and finally, due to the growing uncertainty over the long-term availability of oil. The paper looks initially at the two main stages in the development of the tramway system. Stage 1, as a preliminary analysis, concentrated on examining the potential, corridor by corridor, of a system based on the concept of the light articulated tramcar presently in use in a large number of continental cities. Stage 2, investigated a specific system in depth using the full transportation model to forecast peak and off-peak flows and benefits for 1986, the study's forecast year. The system, as described, was assumed to be low voltage, say 600 V d.c., overhead pick-up, 2.2 or 2.5 M wide, articulated or car-and-trailer stock running on a network of 110 km, with on-vehicle fare collection or pre-purchase fares and an average stop spacing of 300-400 M. The paper examines the derivation of operating costs and capital costs, the effect of such a system on other 'on-street' traffic and a comparative assessment of bus and tram systems. Final recommendations are defined by reference to a proposed, reduced, 60 km system at a capital cost of 20 M pounds, and the recommendation that rights-of-way be reserved innediately in order that construction of a fixed-track system could be undertaken during the later 1980's. For abstracts of parts 1, 2, 4 and 5, see IRRD Abstract Nos. 227772, 228768, 231331 and 231332 respectively.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Printerhall Limited

    29 Newmart Street
    London W1P 3PE,   England 
  • Authors:
    • Coventry, P S
  • Publication Date: 1977-10


  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00176922
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Analytic
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 14 1981 12:00AM